Sustainable Livelihood

Formation and Election of Panipanchayats of Upper Indravati Canal Systems [Right & Left]:

The Upper Indravati Project envisages diversion of water, of the Indravati River in its upper reaches into the Mahanadi valley for power generation and irrigation. The project would involve construction of 4 dams across the Indravati and its tributaries 8 dykes and two inter-linking channels to from a single reservoir with a live capacity of 1435.5 M. Cum, 4.32 km. tunnel, a power house with installation of 4 units of 150 MW each, 9 km. tail race channel and an irrigation barrage across Hati river with the associated irrigation canals.
The Dept. of Water Resources, Govt. of Odisha awarded this project for the canal systems, Right and Left of Indravati River flowing throughJunagarh and Dharmagarh of Kalahandi district. The Water Users were identified, issued I Cards, imparted training on taking up advanced farming etc.

Details of the coverage:

Ayacut area: 72,755 Ha. [Left: 47,185 Ha. and Right: 25,570 Ha.]
No. of Pani Panchayats: 213 [[Left: 155 and Right: 58]
Services Rendered under the assignment: a. Formation and election of water users’ Associations
b. Conduct baseline Survey
c. Verification of Cadastral Maps, digitized village maps, RoRs collected by department
d. Preparation of list of beneficiaries voters list and conduct elections
e. Conduct Gram Sabhas
f. Delineation of project area and constitution of Project Committee
Period of Implementation: 1 year [2015 – 2016]

Implementation of Resettlement Plans

The Orissa Integrated Irrigated Agriculture and Water Management Investment Programme [OIIAWMIP] being funded by the Asian Development bank [ADB] through sector lending approach over a span of 10 years, aimed to reduce rural poverty levels in the state by improving agricultural sector productivity and enhancing rural incomes.
Machhagaon, Pattamundai and HLC Range 1 Sub-projects of Tranche 2 were classified under category A for involuntary resettlement in accordance with ADB’s Safeguard policy Statement 2009.

Details of coverage:

Machhagaon Sub-project Irrigation coverage 34,870 Ha.
Machhagaon Sub-project Villages 342
Pattamundai Sub-project Affected Structure Units 900 [Residential: 338 and Commercial 473]
Pattamundai Sub-project Irrigation coverage NA
Pattamundai Sub-project Affected Structure Units 864 [Residential: 131, Commercial: 702 and CPRs: 10]
HLC Range 1 Sub-project Irrigation coverage 13,790 Ha.
HLC Range 1 Sub-project Villages 112
HLC Range 1 Sub-project Affected Structure Units 400 [Residential: 164, Commercial: 138 and CPRs: 98]
Services Rendered under the assignment NA NA

Watershed Projects [Turia and Taupadar]

The National Bank for Rural & Agriculture Development[NABARD]; under its Watershed Development Fund awarded this assignment to LAVS. Coverage in terms of Households in Turia was 231 and in Taupadar it was 165. In terms of Total area and treatable area, the data were:
Sl. No. Name of Watershed Total Area Total Treatable Area Population Covered
01 Turia 1217.19 1203.89 Population: 1095 HHs: 231
02 Taupadar
The overall goal of the interventions were Investments in improvement, stabilization, conservation of natural resources mainly soils to minimize the risk of climate change and to increase the productivity and income of communities living in watersheds. The purpose of the Projects under the programme is to reduce vulnerability to climate change of small-scale farmers in selected watersheds through the stabilization, enhancement and sustainable use of soil and water resources.

Orissa Tribal Empowerment and Livelihoods Programme [OTELP]

The Odisha Tribal Empowerment and Livelihoods Programme (OTELP) was being implemented by the Scheduled Tribe & Scheduled Caste Development Department of Govt. of Odisha. The programme aims “to ensure that livelihoods and food security of poor tribal household are sustainably improved through promoting a more efficient equitable self-managed and sustainable exploitation of the Natural Resources at their disposal and through off farm/non-farm enterprise development”
This was an assignment for improvement of livelihoods of tribal community with a watershed approach in 10 Micro-watershed areas in Pottangi block of Koraput district. The assignment initially was for 7 years, later extended. The coverage was 2236 in terms of households [Total population: 10017 living in 52 villages of 6 Grampanchayats] and 5684 Ha. in terms of total treatable area. Aspects covered were Jal [Water], Jivan [Life], Jantu [Livestock], Jangle [Forest], Jamin [Land] and Jeevika [Livelihoods].
The programme adopted an integrated micro watershed approach covering a cluster of 10 to 12 micro watersheds situated contiguously with an approximate area of 500 ha. The selection of the micro watersheds is made basing upon the boundary of one set of 10-12 micro watersheds which is coterminous with the Gram Panchayat. The programme has adopted a seven year project cycle management which is further divided into three distinct phases. The initial two years are called probation phase, the real implementation phase comes next for a period of three years and the last two years of the programme is known as consolidation phase/ withdrawal/exit phase.

Details of the coverage:

District Koraput
Block Pottangi
Micro-watersheds 10
Villages 12
Population Covered NA
Treatable area NA
Activities carried out a. Build the capacity of marginal groups as individuals, and grassroots institutions;
b. Enhance the access of poor tribal people to land, water and forests and increase the productivity of these resources in environmentally sustainable and socially equitable ways;
c. Encourage and facilitate off-farm enterprise development focused on the needs of poor tribal households;
d. Strengthen the institutional capacity of government agencies, Panchayati Raj Institutions, NGOs and civil society to work effectively for participatory poverty reduction with tribal communities; (.
e. encourage the development of a pro-tribal enabling environment through effective implementation of the legislation governing control of, and access to, development resources by poor tribal households and through recommendation of other policy improvements; and
f. Build on the indigenous knowledge and values of tribal and blend these with technological innovations to ensure a speedier pace of development.
Period of implementation 7 years [from 2008 to 2015]

Orissa Community Tank Management Programme

Tank Irrigation Systems in Odisha are centuries old. Tank system structures are mostly constructed under the aegis of the Kingship (Gadajata system) to support the basic human needs of drinking, bathing, irrigation and especially as a hedging mechanism against drought. Government of Odisha in partnership with the Government of India has initiated the Odisha Community Tank Management Project, with funding from the World Bank. The project aimed at repairing and rehabilitating 332 Minor Irrigation Tanks having an irrigation command area between 40 hectares to 2000 hectares and covering 64,200 hectares in 12 districts of Odisha namely Mayurbhanj, Balasore, Jajpur, Cuttack, Jharsuguda, Bargarh, Boudh, Anugul,
Khordha, Ganjam, Gajapati, and Rayagada. LAVS was assigned the task in Athagarh block of Cuttack District.
The project objectives have been encompassing four main project components as described below:

Institutional Strengthening:

This includes inter alia, strengthening of community-based institutions to assume responsibility for the tank system improvement and management, development of human resources and developing mechanisms where by the needs of the traditionally vulnerable stakeholders can be addressed.

Tank System Improvement:

This includes physical improvement of the tank systems. The actual rehabilitation work required would be determined for each tank system individually with an upfront “Tank Improvement and Management Plan (TIMP)” prepared in consultation with tank users prior to undertaking any investments. In general, interventions are likely to address deficiencies in feeder channels, tank bed and structures, and the water distribution and drainage systems.

Agricultural and Livelihood:Support Services (ALSS)

This includes Agriculture, Horticulture, Livestock, Fisheries and Agri marketing sub-components of the project. The objective is to support the stakeholders of the respective Minor Irrigation projects to increase production & productivity of selected agricultural produce through improved production technique and increase the share of final value obtained by farmer marketing groups in targeted commodities.

Project Management:

The objective of this component is to ensure smooth implementation of project activities. The different sub-components include Finance & Procurement, documentation & communication and monitoring & Evaluation of the key activities.
The project aimed at achieving sustainability of restored minor irrigation systems through community participation and empowerment to develop self-owned, self-managed and self-sustenance of Pani Panchayats. It aspires to create and enabling legal and institutional environment to implement the solutions emerging out of participatory and demand driven processes. It further intends to usher in sustainable improvement of tank based agriculture livelihood system by increasing production, productivity and profitability of agriculture, horticulture, fisheries and livestock production system.

Millet Mission

Odisha Millets Mission is a flagship programme of Department of Agriculture and Farmers Empowerment, Government of Odisha. Special Programme for Promotion of Millets in Tribal Areas of Odisha (Odisha Millets Mission) was launched by Govt of Odisha in 2017 to revive millets in farms and on plates. It emerged from a consultation between Government, Academia (NCDS) and Civil Society Organisations (RRA Network, ASHA Network and local NGOs). It is first of its kind of agriculture programme with priority on increasing consumptions in Odisha.
During the period under report, following activities were conducted by the initiative.
Capacity building of Farmers and CRPs
19 nos. of 2-day program on different thematic areas e.g. Capacity building of women farmers, Capacity building of farmer, entrepreneurs, CRPs on Millet processing, packaging, value addition etc. and linkages with bank; participated by 520 trainees
Conducting Food Festivals
9 nos.
Field Day Festivals
6 nos
Awareness Programs
18 programs covered by Circulation of Awareness Rathain 92 villages having 8457 total households.
Millet is procured from the farmers each year through a Mandi. The Mandi opens by a government notification. This year it was opened on 4th February 2023. A total of 14999.50 quintals of Millets were procured from the farmers against a target of 16000 quintals.

Observation of Food Festival

09 nos. of Food Festivals were organized under the programme in 9 venues during the period under report. The objective of organizing such events to familiarize the general public with importance of millets and its consumption, nutritional values of millets, Foods prepared and served in the Food festivals included Mandia Soup, Mandia Laddu, Mandia Bara, Mandia Piajee, Mandia chop and Mandia Pakudi [Mandia is the colloquial word for Ragi; the finger millet]